sqflite 0.10.0-dev.2

  • Readme
  • Changelog
  • Example
  • Installing
  • --

sqflite #

SQLite plugin for Flutter. Supports both iOS and Android.

  • Support transactions and batches
  • Automatic version managment during open
  • Helpers for insert/query/update/delete queries
  • DB operation executed in a background thread on iOS and Android

Getting Started #

In your flutter project add the dependency:

  sqflite: any

For help getting started with Flutter, view the online documentation.

Usage example #

Import sqflite.dart

import 'package:sqflite/sqflite.dart';

Raw SQL queries #

Demo code to perform Raw SQL queries

// Get a location using path_provider
Directory documentsDirectory = await getApplicationDocumentsDirectory();
String path = join(documentsDirectory.path, "demo.db");

// Delete the database
await deleteDatabase(path);

// open the database
Database database = await openDatabase(path, version: 1,
    onCreate: (Database db, int version) async {
  // When creating the db, create the table
  await db.execute(
      "CREATE TABLE Test (id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, name TEXT, value INTEGER, num REAL)");

// Insert some records in a transaction
await database.transaction((txn) async {
  int id1 = await txn.rawInsert(
      'INSERT INTO Test(name, value, num) VALUES("some name", 1234, 456.789)');
  print("inserted1: $id1");
  int id2 = await txn.rawInsert(
      'INSERT INTO Test(name, value, num) VALUES(?, ?, ?)',
      ["another name", 12345678, 3.1416]);
  print("inserted2: $id2");

// Update some record
int count = await database.rawUpdate(
    'UPDATE Test SET name = ?, VALUE = ? WHERE name = ?',
    ["updated name", "9876", "some name"]);
print("updated: $count");

// Get the records
List<Map> list = await database.rawQuery('SELECT * FROM Test');
List<Map> expectedList = [
  {"name": "updated name", "id": 1, "value": 9876, "num": 456.789},
  {"name": "another name", "id": 2, "value": 12345678, "num": 3.1416}
assert(const DeepCollectionEquality().equals(list, expectedList));

// Count the records
count = Sqflite
    .firstIntValue(await database.rawQuery("SELECT COUNT(*) FROM Test"));
assert(count == 2);

// Delete a record
count = await database
    .rawDelete('DELETE FROM Test WHERE name = ?', ['another name']);
assert(count == 1);

// Close the database
await database.close();

SQL helpers #

Example using the helpers

final String tableTodo = "todo";
final String columnId = "_id";
final String columnTitle = "title";
final String columnDone = "done";

class Todo {
  int id;
  String title;
  bool done;

  Map toMap() {
    Map map = {columnTitle: title, columnDone: done == true ? 1 : 0};
    if (id != null) {
      map[columnId] = id;
    return map;


  Todo.fromMap(Map map) {
    id = map[columnId];
    title = map[columnTitle];
    done = map[columnDone] == 1;

class TodoProvider {
  Database db;

  Future open(String path) async {
    db = await openDatabase(path, version: 1,
        onCreate: (Database db, int version) async {
      await db.execute('''
create table $tableTodo ( 
  $columnId integer primary key autoincrement, 
  $columnTitle text not null,
  $columnDone integer not null)

  Future<Todo> insert(Todo todo) async {
    todo.id = await db.insert(tableTodo, todo.toMap());
    return todo;

  Future<Todo> getTodo(int id) async {
    List<Map> maps = await db.query(tableTodo,
        columns: [columnId, columnDone, columnTitle],
        where: "$columnId = ?",
        whereArgs: [id]);
    if (maps.length > 0) {
      return new Todo.fromMap(maps.first);
    return null;

  Future<int> delete(int id) async {
    return await db.delete(tableTodo, where: "$columnId = ?", whereArgs: [id]);

  Future<int> update(Todo todo) async {
    return await db.update(tableTodo, todo.toMap(),
        where: "$columnId = ?", whereArgs: [todo.id]);

  Future close() async => db.close();

Transaction #

Don't use the database but only use the Transaction object in a transaction to access the database

await database.transaction((txn) async {
  // Ok
  await txn.execute("CREATE TABLE Test1 (id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY)");
  // DON'T  use the database object in a transaction
  // this will deadlock!
  await database.execute("CREATE TABLE Test2 (id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY)");

Batch support #

To avoid ping-pong between dart and native code, you can use Batch:

batch = db.batch();
batch.insert("Test", {"name": "item"});
batch.update("Test", {"name": "new_item"}, where: "name = ?", whereArgs: ["item"]);
batch.delete("Test", where: "name = ?", whereArgs: ["item"]);
results = await batch.commit();

Getting the result for each operation has a cost (id for insertion and number of changes for update and delete), especially on Android where an extra SQL request is executed. If you don't care about the result and worry about performance in big batches, you can use

await batch.commit(noResult: true);

Warning, during a transaction, the batch won't be commited until the transaction is commited

await database.transaction((txn) async {
  var batch = txn.batch();
  // ...
  // commit but the actual commit will happen when the transaction is commited
  // however the data is available in this transaction
  await batch.commit();
  //  ...

Table and column names #

In general it is better to avoid using SQLite keywords for entity names. If any of the following name is used:


the helper will escape the name i.e.


will be equivalent to manually adding double-quote around the table name (confusingly here named table)

db.rawQuery('SELECT * FROM "table"');

However in any other raw statement (including orderBy, where, groupBy), make sure to escape the name properly using double quote. For example see below where the column name group is not escaped in the columns argument, but is escaped in the where argument.

db.query("table", columns: ["group"], where: '"group" = ?', whereArgs: ["my_group"]);

Supported SQLite types #

No validity check is done on values yet so please avoid non supported types. DateTime is not a supported SQL type (https://www.sqlite.org/datatype3.html). Personally I store them as int (millisSinceEpoch) or string (iso8601)


  • Dart type: int
  • Supported values: from -2^63 to 2^63 - 1


  • Dart type: num


  • Dart type: String


  • Dart type: Uint8List
  • Dart type List<int> is supported but not recommended (slow conversion)

Current issues #

  • Due to the way transaction works in SQLite (threads), concurrent read and write transaction are not supported. All calls are currently synchronized and transactions block are exclusive. I thought that a basic way to support concurrent access is to open a database multiple times but it only works on iOS as Android reuses the same database object. I also thought a native thread could be a potential future solution however on android accessing the database in another thread is blocked while in a transaction...
  • Currently INTEGER are limited to -2^63 to 2^63 - 1 (although Android supports bigger ones)

More #

0.10.0 #

  • Preparing for 1.0
  • Remove deprecated methods (re-entrant transactions)
  • Add Transaction.batch
  • Show developer warning to prevent deadlock

0.9.0 #

  • Support for in-memory database (:memory: path)
  • Support for single instance
  • new database factory for handling the new options

0.8.9 #

  • Upgrade to sdk 27

0.8.8 #

  • Allow testing for constraint exception

0.8.6 #

  • better sql error report
  • catch android native errors
  • no longer print an error when deleting a database fails

0.8.4 #

  • Add read-only support using openReadOnlyDatabase

0.8.3 #

  • Allow running a batch during a transaction using Transaction.applyBatch
  • Restore Batch.commit to use outside a transaction

0.8.2 #

  • Although already in a transaction, allow creating nested transactions during open

0.8.1 #

  • New Transaction mechanism not using Zone (old one still supported for now)
  • Start using Batch.apply instead of Batch.commit
  • Deprecate Database.inTransaction and Database.synchronized so that Zones are not used anymore

0.7.1 #

  • add Batch.query, Batch.rawQuery and Batch.execute
  • pack query result as colums/rows instead of List

0.7.0 #

  • Add support for --preview-dart-2

0.6.2+1 #

  • Add longer description to pubspec.yaml

0.6.2 #

  • Fix travis warning

0.6.1 #

  • Add Flutter SDK constraint to pubspec.yaml

0.6.0 #

  • add support for onConfigure to allow for database configuration

0.5.0 #

  • Escape table and column name when needed in insert/update/query/delete
  • Export ConflictAlgorithm, escapeName, unescapeName in new sql.dart

0.4.0 #

  • Add support for Batch (insert/update/delete)

0.3.1 #

  • Remove temp concurrency experiment

0.3.0 #


  • Breaking change. Upgraded to Gradle 4.1 and Android Studio Gradle plugin 3.0.1. Older Flutter projects need to upgrade their Gradle setup as well in order to use this version of the plugin. Instructions can be found here.

0.2.4 #

  • Dependency on synchronized updated to >=1.1.0

0.2.3 #

  • Make Android sends the reponse in the same thread then the caller to prevent unexpected behavior when an error occured

0.2.2 #

  • Fix unchecked warning on Android

0.2.0 #

  • Use NSOperationQueue for all db operation on iOS
  • Use ThreadHandler for all db operation on Android

0.0.3 #

  • Add exception handling

0.0.2 #

  • Add sqlite helpers based on Razvan Lung suggestions

0.0.1 #

  • Initial experimentation


import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:flutter/services.dart';
import 'package:sqflite/sqflite.dart';
import 'package:sqflite_example/exp_test_page.dart';
import 'package:sqflite_example/deprecated_test_page.dart';
import 'model/main_item.dart';
import 'open_test_page.dart';
import 'package:sqflite_example/exception_test_page.dart';
import 'raw_test_page.dart';
import 'slow_test_page.dart';
import 'src/main_item_widget.dart';
import 'type_test_page.dart';
import 'todo_test_page.dart';

void main() {
  runApp(new MyApp());

class MyApp extends StatefulWidget {
  // This widget is the root of your application.

  _MyAppState createState() => new _MyAppState();

const String testRawRoute = "/test/simple";
const String testOpenRoute = "/test/open";
const String testSlowRoute = "/test/slow";
const String testThreadRoute = "/test/thread";
const String testTodoRoute = "/test/todo";
const String testExceptionRoute = "/test/exception";
const String testExpRoute = "/test/exp";
const String testDeprecatedRoute = "/test/deprecated";

class _MyAppState extends State<MyApp> {
  var routes = <String, WidgetBuilder>{
    '/test': (BuildContext context) => new MyHomePage(),
    testRawRoute: (BuildContext context) => new SimpleTestPage(),
    testOpenRoute: (BuildContext context) => new OpenTestPage(),
    testSlowRoute: (BuildContext context) => new SlowTestPage(),
    testTodoRoute: (BuildContext context) => new TodoTestPage(),
    testThreadRoute: (BuildContext context) => new TypeTestPage(),
    testExceptionRoute: (BuildContext context) => new ExceptionTestPage(),
    testExpRoute: (BuildContext context) => new ExpTestPage(),
    testDeprecatedRoute: (BuildContext context) => new DeprecatedTestPage(),
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return new MaterialApp(
        title: 'Sqflite Demo',
        theme: new ThemeData(
          // This is the theme of your application.
          // Try running your application with "flutter run". You'll see
          // the application has a blue toolbar. Then, without quitting
          // the app, try changing the primarySwatch below to Colors.green
          // and then invoke "hot reload" (press "r" in the console where
          // you ran "flutter run", or press Run > Hot Reload App in IntelliJ).
          // Notice that the counter didn't reset back to zero -- the application
          // is not restarted.
          primarySwatch: Colors.blue,
        home: new MyHomePage(title: 'Sqflite Demo Home Page'),
        routes: routes);

class MyHomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  final List<MainItem> items = [];

  MyHomePage({Key key, this.title}) : super(key: key) {
    items.add(new MainItem("Raw tests", "Raw SQLite operations",
        route: testRawRoute));
    items.add(new MainItem("Open tests", "Open onCreate/onUpgrade/onDowngrade",
        route: testOpenRoute));
        new MainItem("Type tests", "Test value types", route: testThreadRoute));
        new MainItem("Slow tests", "Lengthy operations", route: testSlowRoute));
    items.add(new MainItem(
        "Todo database example", "Simple Todo-like database usage example",
        route: testTodoRoute));
    items.add(new MainItem("Exp tests", "Experimental and various tests",
        route: testExpRoute));
    items.add(new MainItem("Exception tests", "Tests that trigger exceptions",
        route: testExceptionRoute));
    items.add(new MainItem("Deprecated test",
        "Keeping some old tests for deprecated functionalities",
        route: testDeprecatedRoute));

    // Uncomment to view all logs

  // This widget is the home page of your application. It is stateful,
  // meaning that it has a State object (defined below) that contains
  // fields that affect how it looks.

  // This class is the configuration for the state. It holds the
  // values (in this case the title) provided by the parent (in this
  // case the App widget) and used by the build method of the State.
  // Fields in a Widget subclass are always marked "final".

  final String title;

  _MyHomePageState createState() => new _MyHomePageState();

class _MyHomePageState extends State<MyHomePage> {
  String _platformVersion = 'Unknown';

  int get _itemCount => widget.items.length;

  initState() {

  // Platform messages are asynchronous, so we initialize in an async method.
  initPlatformState() async {
    String platformVersion;
    // Platform messages may fail, so we use a try/catch PlatformException.
    try {
      platformVersion = await Sqflite.platformVersion;
    } on PlatformException {
      platformVersion = "Failed to get platform version";

    // If the widget was removed from the tree while the asynchronous platform
    // message was in flight, we want to discard the reply rather than calling
    // setState to update our non-existent appearance.
    if (!mounted) return;

    setState(() {
      _platformVersion = platformVersion;

    print("running on: " + _platformVersion);

  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return new Scaffold(
        appBar: new AppBar(
          title: new Center(
              child: new Text('Sqflite demo', textAlign: TextAlign.center)),
        body: new ListView.builder(
            itemBuilder: _itemBuilder, itemCount: _itemCount));

  //new Center(child: new Text('Running on: $_platformVersion\n')),

  Widget _itemBuilder(BuildContext context, int index) {
    return new MainItemWidget(widget.items[index], (MainItem item) {

Use this package as a library

1. Depend on it

Add this to your package's pubspec.yaml file:

  sqflite: ^0.10.0-dev.2

2. Install it

You can install packages from the command line:

with pub:

$ pub get

with Flutter:

$ flutter pub get

Alternatively, your editor might support pub get or flutter pub get. Check the docs for your editor to learn more.

3. Import it

Now in your Dart code, you can use:

import 'package:sqflite/sqflite.dart';
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