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MobX is a library for reactively managing the state of your applications. Use the power of observables, actions, and reactions to supercharge your Dart and Flutter apps.

example/README.md

Examples #

Annotations #

Annotations drastically simplify the usage of MobX by tastefully tucking away all the boilerplate in the generated files (*.g.dart).

These examples use annotations, which is supported by the mobx_codegen package. To run the code-generator, we are using the following command:

$> cd $PATH_TO_MOBX_DART/mobx/example
$> flutter packages pub run build_runner build

Counter (counter.dart) #

A really simple Counter. After all this is how you start off a Dart/Flutter project :-)

import 'package:mobx/mobx.dart';

part 'counter.g.dart';

class Counter = CounterBase with _$Counter;

abstract class CounterBase with Store {
  @observable
  int value = 0;

  @action
  void increment() {
    value++;
  }
}

Notice the @observable value property and the @action increment()that mutates it.

Todos (todos.dart) #

This example showcases some of the core features of MobX such as Observable, Computed and Action. We have intentionally left out Reaction to keep it simple.

The Todos example is a classic way of showcasing a framework or a library. Here, you can see how MobX can simplify your code.

Todo #

A Todo entity is at the heart of the Todos example. A bit of boilerplate is needed to make the code-generator do the rest for you.

import 'package:mobx/mobx.dart';

part 'example.g.dart';

class Todo = TodoBase with _$Todo;

abstract class TodoBase with Store {
  TodoBase(this.description);

  @observable
  String description = '';

  @observable
  bool done = false;
}

Observables

The TodoList manages the list of Todo. Notice the use of annotations to make the code more readable. MobX follows the princple:

What can be derived, should be derived. Automatically.

This is achieved with a small core-state (the @observable properties) and the derived-state (the @computed properties).

enum VisibilityFilter { all, pending, completed }

class TodoList = TodoListBase with _$TodoList;

abstract class TodoListBase with Store {
  @observable
  ObservableList<Todo> todos = ObservableList<Todo>();

  @observable
  VisibilityFilter filter = VisibilityFilter.all;

  @observable
  String currentDescription = '';

  @computed
  ObservableList<Todo> get pendingTodos =>
      ObservableList.of(todos.where((todo) => todo.done != true));

  @computed
  ObservableList<Todo> get completedTodos =>
      ObservableList.of(todos.where((todo) => todo.done == true));

  @computed
  bool get hasCompletedTodos => completedTodos.isNotEmpty;

  @computed
  bool get hasPendingTodos => pendingTodos.isNotEmpty;

  @computed
  String get itemsDescription =>
      '${pendingTodos.length} pending, ${completedTodos.length} completed';

  @computed
  ObservableList<Todo> get visibleTodos {
    switch (filter) {
      case VisibilityFilter.pending:
        return pendingTodos;
      case VisibilityFilter.completed:
        return completedTodos;
      default:
        return todos;
    }
  }

  // ...
}

Notice how you can have derived-state that depends on other derived-state. For example, itemsDescription depends on pendingTodos and completedTodos, which are also computed (aka derived) properties.

Actions

The operations that can be performed on the TodoList are marked with @action. These are simple functions, which can be invoked like normal dart functions! There is no extra ceremony to invoke an action.

class TodoList = TodoListBase with _$TodoList;

abstract class TodoListBase with Store {
  // ...

  @action
  void addTodo(String description) {
    final todo = Todo(description);
    todos.add(todo);
    currentDescription = '';
  }

  @action
  void removeTodo(Todo todo) {
    todos.removeWhere((x) => x == todo);
  }

  @action
  void changeDescription(String description) =>
      currentDescription = description;

  @action
  void changeFilter(VisibilityFilter filter) => this.filter = filter;

  @action
  void removeCompleted() {
    todos.removeWhere((todo) => todo.done);
  }

  @action
  void markAllAsCompleted() {
    for (final todo in todos) {
      todo.done = true;
    }
  }
}

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MobX is a library for reactively managing the state of your applications. Use the power of observables, actions, and reactions to supercharge your Dart and Flutter apps.

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