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Official Dart lint rules. Defines the 'core' and 'recommended' set of lints suggested by the Dart team.
Official Dart lint rules #
The Dart linter is a static analyzer for identifying possible problems in your
Dart source code. More than a hundred linter rules are available,
checking anything from potential typing issues, coding style, and formatting.
lints, contains the lint settings recommended by the Dart team.
Two sets of lints are available:
Core lints: Lints that help identify critical issues that are likely to lead to problems when running or consuming Dart code. All code should pass these lints.
Recommended lints: Lints that help identify additional issues that may lead to problems when running or consuming Dart code, and lints that enforce writing Dart using a single, idiomatic style and format. All code is encouraged to pass these lints. The recommended lints include all the core lints.
Where these lints are used #
When creating new Dart project using the
dart create command,
the lints from
package:lints are enabled by default.
When uploading a package to the pub.flutter-io.cn package repository, packages are awarded pub points based on how many of the 'core' lints pass.
For documentation on the individual lints, see the linter rules page on dart.dev.
How to enable these lints #
For new apps created with
dart create, the lints are enabled by default.
For existing apps or packages, take these steps to enable these lints:
In a terminal, located at the root of your package, run this command:
dart pub add --dev lints
Create a new
analysis_options.yamlfile, next to the pubspec, that includes the lints package:
Customizing the predefined lint sets #
You can customize the predefined lint sets, both to disable one or more of the lints included, or to add additional lints. For details see customizing static analysis.
In migrating from the predefined lint sets provided by the
you get static analysis coverage from 29 additional lints. There are, however,
6 lints which the pedantic package includes which are not included in the
predefined lint sets provided by the lints package:
use_full_hex_values_for_flutter_colors (also included in
package:flutter_lints). To keep any of these lints enabled,
add them to your analysis options.
package:pedantic provides the
unawaited method for use with
unawaited_futures. With SDK version 2.14 this method is available in the
dart:async package, and this is now the recommended way to use it. Be sure to
mark the minimum SDK version of your package as
2.14 if you do so.
Evolving the lint sets #
The Dart language changes and the ecosystem continues to develop new best practices, so the lint sets must be periodically updated to reflect the best way we know to write Dart code. The informal process we use is:
Anyone can file an issue to discuss a potential change to a lint set. (A change here means adding or removing a lint from one or both sets. If you want to discuss implementing an entirely new lint, the place to suggest that is at the linter repo.) Feedback is welcome from any Dart user.
Periodically, a group of Dart and Flutter team members meet to review the suggestions and decide what to adopt.
The lists are updated and a new version of the package is published.